Volume 1, Issue 3, August 2015, Page: 28-32
Knowledge and Practice About Oral Hygiene by Tribal People (Orao) in Rangpur Region, Bangladesh
Mohammad Sayeed Ahmad, Department of Dental Public Health, Rangpur Dental College, Rangpur, Bangladesh
M. Abdullah Al-Mamun, Department of Dental Public Health, Rangpur Dental College, Rangpur, Bangladesh
Sharifa Begum, Department of Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics, Rangpur Dental College & Hospital, Rangpur, Bangladesh
M. Shahidul Islam, Department of Prosthodontics, Rangpur Dental College & Hospital, Rangpur, Bangladesh
M. Ahsan Habib, Department of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Rangpur Dental College & Hospital, Rangpur, Bangladesh
M. Mahafuzur Rahman, Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Udayan Dental College & Hospital, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Received: Jun. 14, 2015;       Accepted: Jul. 1, 2015;       Published: Jul. 2, 2015
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijdm.20150103.12      View  3075      Downloads  133
Abstract
Background: In spite of great improvements in the oral health status of populations across the world, oral diseases continue to be a major public health problem. Oral diseases make significant contributions to the global burden of disease, which is particularly high in the under privileged groups of both developed and developing countries. The underlying cultural beliefs and practices influence the conditions of the teeth and mouth, through diet, care-seeking behaviors, or use of home remedies. Objectives: To assess the knowledge and practice about oral health by tribal (Orao) people in Rangpur, Bangladesh. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 159 respondents living in tribal (Orao)) reached area of Rangpur District, Rangpur over the period of three months from July to December 2014. The samples were collected by purposive random sampling technique and were interviewed through a structured questionnaire followed by through checklist. Results: It is found that most (64.8%) respondents brushing should be done after meal; more than half (57.2%) respondents replied that sweet food or chocolate is harmful for teeth; 60.4% answered that upward and downward direction is the proper brushing technique; 61% responded tooth brush as the brushing device. It is found that most (76.7%) respondents brush their teeth regularly; more than half (59.1%) respondents brush their teeth once, and 35.8% respondents brush their teeth twice; most (78%) respondents brush their teeth at morning. Conclusion: Statistics on change in oral health-related behaviors across zoographic area and culture may provide a valuable tool in the planning, implementation, and evaluation of oral health promotion programs.
Keywords
Knowledge and Practice, Oral Hygiene, Tribal People (Orao), Rangpur, Bangladesh
To cite this article
Mohammad Sayeed Ahmad, M. Abdullah Al-Mamun, Sharifa Begum, M. Shahidul Islam, M. Ahsan Habib, M. Mahafuzur Rahman, Knowledge and Practice About Oral Hygiene by Tribal People (Orao) in Rangpur Region, Bangladesh, International Journal of Dental Medicine. Vol. 1, No. 3, 2015, pp. 28-32. doi: 10.11648/j.ijdm.20150103.12
Reference
[1]
Population Reference Bureau. 2010 World population data sheet.Washington, DC: Population Reference Bureau, 2010. 19 p. (http://www.prb.org/ pdf10/10wpds_eng.pdf, accessed on 10 June 2012).
[2]
Chowdhury BH. Building lasting peace: issues of the implementation of the Chittagong Hill Tracts accord. Champaign, IL: Program in Arms Control, Disarmament, and International Security, University of Illinois at Urbana-Campaign, 2002. 33 p. (ACDIS occasional paper series). (http://www.acdis.uiuc.edu/ Research/OPs/Chowdhury/cover.html, accessed on 3 March 2006).
[3]
Bangladesh: political map. Maps of the World. (http://www.mapsofworld.com/bangladesh/bangladesh- political-map.html, accessed on 10 June 2012).
[4]
DD Narayan, GR Dhondibarao, KC Ghanshyam. Prevalence of Tobacco Consumption among the Adolescents of the Tribal Areas in Maharashtra. J Clin Diagnos Res 2011; 5(5):1060-3.
[5]
Santosh KT. Oral health status of dentate Bhil adult tribe of southern Rajasthan, India. Int Dent J 2009;59:133-40
[6]
Ahmed SM, Tomson G, Petzold M, Kabir ZN. Socioeconomic status overrides age and gender in determining health-seeking behaviour in rural Bangladesh. Bull World Health Organ 2005;83:109-17.
[7]
Karim F, RafiM, Begum SA. Inequitable access to immunization and vitamin A capsule services: a case of ethnic minorities in three hill districts of Bangladesh. Public Health 2005;119:743-6.
[8]
Chowdhury AMR, Bhuiya A, Mahmud S, Salam AKMA, Karim F. Immunization divide: who do get vaccinated in Bangladesh? J Health PopulNutr 2003;21:193-204.
[9]
Barkat K, Roy NC, Rahman DMM. Unmet contraceptive need in Bangladesh: evidence from the 1993/94 and 1996/97 Demographic and Health Surveys. Asia Pac Popul J 1999;14:37-50.
[10]
Bhasin V. Oral health behaviour among Bhils of Rajasthan. J. Soc. Sci 2004;8(1):1-
[11]
Butani Y, Weintraub JA and Barker JC. Oral health-related cultural beliefs for four racial/ethnic groups: Assessment of the literature. BMC Oral Health 2008;8(26):1-13
[12]
Petersen PE, Kwan S. Equity, social determinants and public health programmes – the case of oral health. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology 2011;39(6): 481-7
[13]
Richard GW. Emerging theories into the social determinants of health: implication for oral health promotion. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2002;30:241-7
[14]
Eknath N. Rural Indian tribal communities: an emerging high-risk group for HIV/AIDs. BMC International Health and Human Rights 2005;51:1-7
[15]
NakazonoTT, Davidson PL, Andersen RM. Oral heath beliefs in diverse populations Adv Dent Res 1997;11(2):235-44
[16]
Sathe PV, Mali A. Social sciences. Textbook of communitydentistry. 2nd ed. Hyderabad; Paras Medical Publisher: 2001:pp 17-45.
[17]
Prabhu SR. Oral diseases in the tropics. Oxford UniversityPress UK (November 1992).
[18]
Pradhan S, Bhat. MK Assessment of periodontal status of rural Nepalese population using the community periodontal index. J Nepal Den Asso 2009; 10(2):97-104
[19]
BhatPK et al. Preventive oral health knowledge, practices and behaviour of patients attending dental institutions in Bangalore. J. Int Oral Health 2010;2(2):17-26
[20]
Pandey GD, Roy J. Tiwary RS. Socio-culturual aspects and health care in pando tribe of Madhya Pradesh. J. Hum. Ecol 2001;12(5):391-4
[21]
Ravi Varma NA, Kamath VV. Preventive Dentistry in India. Its scope and Aims. JIDA 1990;61(7):170-4
[22]
Chandra Shekar, Raja Babu. Cultural factors in Health and Oral health. Indian journal of dental advancements 2009;1(1):24-30
[23]
Amarasena N, EkanayakaANI, Hearath L and HideoMiyazaki. Tobacco use and oral hygiene as risk indicatorsfor periodontitis. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2002;30:115-123.
[24]
Murthi PR, Gupta PC, BhonsleRB. Effect on the incidenceof oral sub mucous fibrosis with special reference to therole of areca nut chewing. J Oral Pathol Med 1995; 24: 145-152.
[25]
Auluck A, Hislop G, Poh C, Zhang L, Rosin MP. Areca nutand betel quid chewing among South Asian immigrantsto Western countries and its implications for oral cancerscreening. Rural and Remote Health 9 (online), 2009: 1118.Available from: http://www.rrh.org.au.
Browse journals by subject