Volume 3, Issue 3, June 2017, Page: 11-15
Influence of Socio-economic Status on Oral Health Knowledge, Attitude and Behavior of Pensioners in Port Harcourt, Rivers State
Braimoh Omoigberai Bashiru, Department of Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, College of Health Sciences, University of Port Harcourt, Choba Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Alade Grace Oyenashia, Department of Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, College of Health Sciences, University of Port Harcourt, Choba Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Received: Jun. 18, 2017;       Accepted: Jul. 3, 2017;       Published: Sep. 12, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijdm.20170303.11      View  1659      Downloads  101
Abstract
Background: Socio-economic status plays a role in influencing oral health and oral health related behaviors and problems. The objective of the present study was to determine the influence of educational status and retirement grade level on oral health knowledge attitude and behavior. Methods: The research was analytic descriptive survey in design. A total of 543 old people were selected by systematic random sampling. Data was collected with a self-developed Oral Health Assessment Questionnaire (OHAQ) designed in four sections (A-D) and analyzed using SPSS version 20 (IBM SPSS Armonk, New York). The relationship between variables was established using independent t-test and ANOVA, and significance determined at 0.05 alpha level. Results: Total of 119 (21.9%), 198 (36.5%) and 226 (41.6%) had primary, secondary and tertiary education respectively. The pensioners who retired on levels 1-6 were 277 (51%) and those who retired on levels 7-17 were 266 (49%). The level of education significant influenced oral health knowledge, attitude and behavior. Retirement grade level significantly influenced oral health behavior and non-significantly influenced oral health knowledge and attitude. Conclusion: The study found out that oral health knowledge, attitude and behavior increased significantly with increasing level of education. There was a significant increase in oral health behavior with increasing retirement grade level and a non-significant increase in oral health attitude and behavior.
Keywords
Pensioners, Oral Health Knowledge, Oral Health Attitude, Socio-economic Status
To cite this article
Braimoh Omoigberai Bashiru, Alade Grace Oyenashia, Influence of Socio-economic Status on Oral Health Knowledge, Attitude and Behavior of Pensioners in Port Harcourt, Rivers State, International Journal of Dental Medicine. Vol. 3, No. 3, 2017, pp. 11-15. doi: 10.11648/j.ijdm.20170303.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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