Volume 4, Issue 1, June 2018, Page: 1-4
Marijuana Usage, the Effects in Oral Health
Ilma Robo, Department of Stomatology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Albanian University, Tirana, Albania
Oresto Çuni, Department of Stomatology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Albanian University, Tirana, Albania
Ermelinda Gina, Private Dental Clinic, Tirana, Albania
Saimir Heta, University Hospital Center, Pediatric Surgery, Tirana, Albania
Luan Mavriqi, Department of Stomatology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Albanian University, Tirana, Albania
Received: Dec. 27, 2017;       Accepted: Feb. 9, 2018;       Published: Mar. 6, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijdm.20180401.11      View  1143      Downloads  79
Abstract
Oral health workers should be alert about the dangers of marijuana use in the screening of oral pathologies and methods of administration of similar clinical cases. The use of marijuana is for medicinal and recreational reasons. It is already known, and based on the literature, this plant causes besides medicinal advantages, oral health pathologies also. For carrying out the study, was committed a group of students, who examined clinically, 3 patients, that later were diagnosed. Reduced saliva, influenced by use of marijuana, encourages the show of xerostomia. In this way, this plant is a favorable factor for caries that at examined patients was currently, more than at 5 teeth. Dysplastic changes in the epithelium of the buccal mucosa were appearing as the result of the action of chemical factors of marijuana smoke. Inflammation of the gums, gingivitis sometimes called "fiery red", is the lesion that causes great pain. The use of anesthesia with epinephrine during dental procedures, to users of marijuana may cause acute anxiety or tachycardia. Candinda Albicans was promoted as the result of the presence of carbon hydroxide at the smoke of marijuana. Chronic marijuana usage causes pathologies mentioned above, at individuals who do not treat in time. Counseling and education of oral health workers and individual users or not, about these pathologies, represents the largest contribution in diagnostic routine oral work.
Keywords
Marijuana, Oral Health, Pathology, Awareness, Chronic Use
To cite this article
Ilma Robo, Oresto Çuni, Ermelinda Gina, Saimir Heta, Luan Mavriqi, Marijuana Usage, the Effects in Oral Health, International Journal of Dental Medicine. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2018, pp. 1-4. doi: 10.11648/j.ijdm.20180401.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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