Volume 5, Issue 1, June 2019, Page: 9-13
Dento-Maxillary Disharmony by Default in Mixed and Permanent Dentition at Odontostomatology Department of Donka National Hospital, Guinea
Fadiga Mohamed Sid-Dick, Department of Odontostomatology and Maxillo-Facial Surgery, Donka National Hospital, Conakry, Guinea; Faculty of Health Sciences and Techniques, Gamal Abdel Nasser University of Conakry, Conakry, Guinea
Sidibe Sidikiba, Faculty of Health Sciences and Techniques, Gamal Abdel Nasser University of Conakry, Conakry, Guinea; Maferinyah National Centre for Training and Research in Rural Health, Forécariah, Guinea
Ouedraogo Youssouf, University Hospital Center of Yalgado Ouedraogo, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Kuotu Gérard Christian, Maferinyah National Centre for Training and Research in Rural Health, Forécariah, Guinea
Diouf Joseph Samba, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Odontology, University Cheikh Anta DIOP, Dakar, Senegal
Lama Barthélémy, Department of Odontostomatology and Maxillo-Facial Surgery, Donka National Hospital, Conakry, Guinea
Djibo Sambou Abass, Department of Odontostomatology and Maxillo-Facial Surgery, Donka National Hospital, Conakry, Guinea
Received: Nov. 17, 2018;       Accepted: Dec. 17, 2018;       Published: Mar. 14, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijdm.20190501.12      View  103      Downloads  27
Abstract
Background: Dento-maxillary disharmony is a disproportion between the size or the mesiodistal diameter of the teeth and the perimeter of the corresponding alveolar arches. The objective of this study is to describe frequency and management of default dento-maxillary disharmonies in the department of Odontostomatology of Donka National Hospital. This was a descriptive prospective study with all patients seeking dental care at the department of Odontostomatology of Donka National Hospital. The study was conducted over 13 months from June 2016 to 30 June 2017. Among the 485 patients seeking dental care, the frequency of dento-maxillary disharmonies was 7.21%. The mean age of patients was 8.75 years, with extreme ages of 7 and 26 years. Females were the most represented with 77.15% that is a sex ratio of 0.29. The upper arch was the most concerned by the dento-maxillary disharmony with a proportion of 57.14%. The orthodontic treatment was the commonest treatment with 57.14%. Dento-maxillary disharmony had many clinical signs that allowed the practitioner making early diagnosis. Early management could help remodeling the bone genome and reducing the risk of relapse, and the length of orthodontic treatment.
Keywords
Dento-Maxillary Disharmony Default, Odontostomatology, Mixed and Permanent Dentition, Conakry
To cite this article
Fadiga Mohamed Sid-Dick, Sidibe Sidikiba, Ouedraogo Youssouf, Kuotu Gérard Christian, Diouf Joseph Samba, Lama Barthélémy, Djibo Sambou Abass, Dento-Maxillary Disharmony by Default in Mixed and Permanent Dentition at Odontostomatology Department of Donka National Hospital, Guinea, International Journal of Dental Medicine. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2019, pp. 9-13. doi: 10.11648/j.ijdm.20190501.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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