Volume 5, Issue 1, June 2019, Page: 14-18
Arteriosclerosis in Dental Radiographs: Two Case Reports
Agnes Lau, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, USA; Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston, USA
Received: Jan. 18, 2019;       Accepted: Feb. 26, 2019;       Published: Mar. 19, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijdm.20190501.13      View  41      Downloads  9
Abstract
Dentists are trained to identify atheromatous plaques of the intimal layer of the common carotid artery on panoramic radiographs, but are less familiar with medial layer arteriosclerosis, which results in “pipe-stem” calcifications that may present on intraoral as well as extraoral dental radiographs. Medial arteriosclerosis is often found in diabetics and patients with chronic kidney disease, and is a strong predictor of stroke and cardiovascular events. Two case reports are presented that illustrate the presentation of medial arteriosclerosis in facial and maxillary arteries on dental radiographs. Dentists can play an important role in identifying patients at risk for stroke and cardiovascular events.
Keywords
Facial Artery, Vascular Calcification, Arteriosclerosis, Dental Radiograph
To cite this article
Agnes Lau, Arteriosclerosis in Dental Radiographs: Two Case Reports, International Journal of Dental Medicine. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2019, pp. 14-18. doi: 10.11648/j.ijdm.20190501.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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