Volume 5, Issue 1, June 2019, Page: 35-39
Profile of Medically Compromised Children Attending the Pediatric Dentistry Department of the Casablanca Dental Consultation and Treatment Center
Bensouda Sana, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, University Hassan II, Casablanca, Morocco
Elasmar Mouna, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, University Hassan II, Casablanca, Morocco
Aljalil Zineb, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, University Hassan II, Casablanca, Morocco
El Moutaki Soukaina, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, University Hassan II, Casablanca, Morocco
Benjelloun Sarah, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, University Hassan II, Casablanca, Morocco
Hamza Mouna, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, University Hassan II, Casablanca, Morocco
Elarabi Samira, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, University Hassan II, Casablanca, Morocco
Received: Mar. 11, 2019;       Accepted: Apr. 26, 2019;       Published: Jun. 11, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijdm.20190501.16      View  133      Downloads  21
Abstract
Advances in pediatric medicine and medical technology have led to a spectacular reduction in morbidity and mortality among medically compromised children. As a result, dentists are facing the challenge of treating and managing more children with systemic conditions meeting affecting the dental treatment. Objective: To evaluate the medical profile of medically compromised children followed in the Pediatric Dentistry Department of the Casablanca Dental Consultation and Treatment Center and to assess their oral health. Materials and methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted with 529 children treated in the pediatric dentistry department between 16 November 2016 and 16 January 2017. The general condition status, oral hygiene and dental condition were collected based on the anamnesis and oral examination. Results: From the 529 children included in the study, 1/3 of them have one or more systemic conditions. Patients with special needs represent 27.2% of the total of medically compromised children. The DMFT and dmft index ware respectively of 6.42 and 3.44. The average plaque index was 1.04. Conclusion: The oral status of medically compromised children is alarming with a large number of decayed teeth and few treated teeth. This is related to the quality of oral hygiene measures introduced by children and their parents, as well as the impact of the medical condition.
Keywords
Medically Compromised Children, Dental Consultation, Oral Health
To cite this article
Bensouda Sana, Elasmar Mouna, Aljalil Zineb, El Moutaki Soukaina, Benjelloun Sarah, Hamza Mouna, Elarabi Samira, Profile of Medically Compromised Children Attending the Pediatric Dentistry Department of the Casablanca Dental Consultation and Treatment Center, International Journal of Dental Medicine. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2019, pp. 35-39. doi: 10.11648/j.ijdm.20190501.16
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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